The Churches of Britain and Ireland


Carlisle, Cumbria

Carlisle on Wikipedia.

I'd like to be able to add some lost Carlisle churches to the website - the Wesleyan Chapels on Union Street and South John Street; the Presbyterian Church which stood on Fisher Street; Etterby Mission Hall; Denton Street Chapel (Church of Christ, later known as Atlas Hall); Cecil Street Primitive Methodist Chapel; Christ Church; Milbourne Street Mission, Trinity Church (with spire); St. James Mission Church on Blencowe Street; the chapel of St. Joseph's Home in Botcherby (only relatively recently demolished); Willowholme Mission, and the chapel attached to Strathclyde House on Wigton Road. Can you oblige? There are photographs of the sites of some of these, below.

Churches in North Carlisle (north of the River Eden), West Carlisle (West of the River Caldew).

Annetwell Street Congregational Church (1781). This website has an image of this chapel but I may not reproduce it or even link to it. So I'm afraid it's a case of DIY!. Also known as Lady Glenorchy's Chapel, it was succeeded by the Lowther Street Chapel (see below). The demolition date is not known to me at the moment, but presumably post-dates the move to the Lowther Street Church (1843). Circa NY 397 561. More on Lady Glenorchy on Wikipedia.

Baptist Church (1888) on Aglionby Street. NY 406 557. Steve Bulman. Link.

The former Beacon Hall (Church of God), on Beaconsfield Street, formerly Presbyterian Church of England. An inscribed stone above the middle window reads "Howie Boyd Hall 1901". Demolished 2005/6. NY 405 545. Steve Bulman.

Carlisle Castle has a tiny oratory (not normally open to the public) built into the keep walls. This is where the Scottish King David I is said to have died. I must express my appreciation to the staff at the castle for permitting me visit the oratory. NY 39714 56224. Steve Bulman (2017). 

The Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity is of Norman foundation. NY 399 560. Steve Bulman. Another view, Alan Blacklock (2011). Carlisle originally consisted of two parishes - St. Cuthbert and St. Mary. The church of the latter was originally the nave of the cathedral, but a separate church was built in 1870. The parish was joined with that of St. Paul's in 1932, and St. Mary's church was demolished in 1954. The site is now a garden on the left when entering the cathedral from the city centre. In this old postcard view (Steve Bulman's Collection), the nave - St. Mary - can be seen, and just visible at the extreme right, behind the tree, is the spire of St. Mary's church. It can be better seen in this old postcard (external link). In this old postcard (courtesy of Alan Bulman's Collection) the marvellous east window of the cathedral is shown. Although un-dated, it must come from the pre-WWII period, as the railings were removed for the war effort. Also from Alan, this postcard (franked in 1906) shows the east window from inside the cathedral. The Border Regiment Chapel in the Cathedral. Ian Thirlwell. Three additional views - 1, 2, 3, the lovely ceiling, altar and East window, organ and font, all Martin Richter (2013).
See also, and for the cathedral, Link. Grade I listed - link.
A rotatable and walk-through view.

Former chapel at Durranhill (now a private residence). NY 428 552. Steve Bulman. Janet Gimber has advised that this was the chapel to the attached Sacred Heart Convent, which was originally Durranhill House. Grade II listed.

The site of Cecil Street Primitive Methodist Chapel. Built in the mid-nineteenth century, it was closed in 1965, and demolished to make way for the telephone exchange which now stands on the site. The nearest corner of the exchange coincides with the corner of the chapel. NY 4041 5567. Steve Bulman (2016). Exterior and interior photos and history are available here.

Of Christ Church (1830- 1938, demolished 1953) on Botchergate nothing remains, though the site has been left as a small park. The design was identical to Holy Trinity Church (see below). Circa NY 405 553. Steve Bulman (2011).

Christ the King (1954-5, R.C.) on Edgehill Road, Harraby. NY 423 541. Steve Bulman (2010). 

Christian Science Church. NY 406 560. Steve Bulman.

Church of Scotland (1834) on Chapel Street. NY 402 560. Steve Bulman.

Congregational Church (1843) on Lowther Street. NY 402 557. Steve Bulman.  This is also home to Carlisle City Church, which also has another entrance on Crosby Street - entry beneath the church sign on the drainpipe. Link. Steve Bulman (2010). Grade II* listed.

Cumbria University Chapel just off Fusehill Street was built as the chapel for the Workhouse, opening in 1894. Prior to this, the congregation met in the canteen building. NY 409 555. Steve Bulman (2013). Link.

Of the Dominican Friary, nothing remains above ground. Their property stretched from the boundary with St. Cuthbert's and the city's West Walls, and extended northwards. A chamber built behind the city's walls, and exposed by removing stonework from the wall, is said to have been a part of the Friary buildings sewage collection system. Steve Bulman (2016). See this article (the appendix, particularly).

Elim Free Church, on Grey Street. NY 408 553. Steve Bulman. Link.

Elim Community Church on Lonsdale Street, previously St. Paul's Elim (Pentecostal) Church, and prior to that St. Paul (CoE) which closed in 1979. NY 406 558. Steve Bulman. Thanks to Kevin Price for the update. Grade II listed. Before moving into St. Paul in 1979, the Elim Church was on West Walls. This website has an image of this chapel but I may not reproduce it or even link to it. So I'm afraid it's a case of DIY! The building has since been demolished. Circa NY 399 557. Photo is on an external website. As far as I can judge from maps, the site of the church stood next to the white building at right of centre, about where the sloping roof points down to the bottom right of the photo. Circa NY 3996 5577. Steve Bulman (2016).

The former Friends Meeting House. The images are on the Historic England website. Unfortunately, no location details seem to be available, but to judge by appearances, it might have been in the warren of lanes between Scotch Street and Lowther Street.

Harraby Family Church. NY 418 535. Steve Bulman.

Harraby Methodist Church. NY 421 539. Steve Bulman. My appreciation to Kevin Price who has advised (June 2010) that this has been demolished and the site is being re-developed for housing.

Hebron Evangelical Church, Botchergate. NY 404 554. Steve Bulman.

Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses (2002) on Pasture Walk, Durranhill. According to the Carlisle Encyclopedia, the J.W.'s previously had (so far unidentified) premises in Harraby (mentioned for 1966) and on Fisher Street (1971). Can you advise where either of these were? NY 427 551. Steve Bulman (2016).

Another former church revealed through Denis Perriam's excellent "History Man" column of the Cumberland News is the former Lord Street Reading Room. Built in 1851 on the corner of Lord Street and Lancaster Street, it had become a Mission Room by 1913, and appears to have been connected with Christ Church (for which, see above). In 1950 it became a warehouse, and today it is in industrial use. Steve Bulman (2017).

The former Methodist Central Hall (1922-3), on Fisher Street closed in late 2005. NY 399 562. Steve Bulman. A plaque records the preaching of John Wesley in 1788 and 1790, but this is confusing, as this long pre-dates the church the plaque is affixed to. An earlier church stood further down Fisher Street, where "The Brickyard" now stands. There's a small piece of sandstone wall visible in the narrow gap to the left of the Brickyard - could this be a fragment of the old church? NY 398 561. Both Steve Bulman (2011). Proposals for the Central Hall include a theatre. Since the closure, the congregation meets in the ancient Tithe Barn on West Walls. ca. NY 399 558. Both Steve Bulman. Grade II listed.

Our Lady and St. Joseph (R.C.) on Warwick Square. Building commenced in 1891. Steve Bulman. Grade II listed. The previous Catholic Chapel was built on Chapel Street. It was also dedicated to Sts. Mary and Joseph, and was built beginning in 1822. Now in use as a gym. NY 403 560. Steve Bulman. The first post-Reformation Catholic Church in Carlisle had been built in 1799 "behind the Bush Hotel", but since the hotel was demolished to make way for the Victoria Viaduct, it's unlikely that any trace of the church survives.

A Presbyterian Church stood on Fisher Street - the site is now a car-park. Originally built in 1730 or 1737 depending on the source consulted, it was replaced on the same site in 1894, and demolished in 1986. NY 399 561. Its Sunday School (1883) still survives, on West Tower Street. NY 399 561. Both Steve Bulman (2011). Phil Draper has advised of this link, which shows the church in the main 4-photo block, bottom left.

The former Primitive Methodist Chapel on Cecil Street, now an antiques centre. NY 404 556. Steve Bulman.

The Railway Mission Hall on East Tower Street opened in 1910, the congregation having previously met in a waiting room in Carlisle Station. Demolished to make way for the Debenham's extension to the Lanes Shopping centre, it was latterly Grace Evangelical Church, which was forced to re-locate, and is now in a former shop on Kingmoor Road (see the North Carlisle section, below). A photo of the East Tower Street church is available here. My appreciation to Richard Roberts who drew my attention to it.

St. Aidan (1901) on Warwick Road. NY 411 560. Steve Bulman. Grade II listed - link.

The medieval chapel of St. Alban has long been demolished, though it is commemorated in St. Alban's Row, beside the Old Town Hall. A plaque marks the spot. ca. NY 400 559. Both Steve Bulman (2011).

St. Andrew on Wood Street, Botcherby. NY 423 556. Steve Bulman.

St. Cuthbert (CoE and Methodist), St. Cuthbert's Lane. Although of ancient foundation, the present church dates from a re-build of 1778. Interior view. The gallery runs round three sides of the church. Stained glass window. NY 399 558. All Steve Bulman. Link. Grade II* listed.

St. Elizabeth (1967), on Arnside Road, Harraby. Two additional views - 1, 2. It was announced in 2016 that the tower is to be demolished (news item). NT 4214 5444. All Steve Bulman (2016). Link.

St. George (U.R.C.) on Warwick Road closed in 2013. It was built as Presbyterian in 1862-3. NY 404 558. Steve Bulman. News item on closure. Following the closure of the church, the congregation moved into a building on West Walls, now also called St. George's. Another view. NY 399 558. Both Steve Bulman (2016).

St. John, Upperby. NY 412 537. Steve Bulman.

St. John the Evangelist on London Road. NY 407 552. Steve Bulman. Link.

St. Mary. From an old postcard in Steve Bulman's Collection. For further details, see the cathedral above. NY 399 559.

St. Paul - see Elim Community Church, above.

The site of St. Stephen (1865-1964), which stood on James Street, and is now occupied by a garage. Illustrations seem few and far between, but Phil Draper has drawn my attention to this link, which has an engraving of the church, and supplied this photo, which was on eBay some years ago, and is assumed to be out of copyright. The interior is shown here, on the Historic England website. Another view. Circa NY 401 552. Both Steve Bulman (2014).

Salvation Army (Carlisle Temple Corps) on St. Nicholas. There is a date over the right hand door of 1931. NY 406 551. Steve Bulman. Rob Brettle advises that though this was built in 1931, the corps itself dates from 1890.

The Salvation Army building on Annetwell Street was demolished in 1972, and the site now lies beneath the dual-carriageway outside the castle. It had been occupied from about 1894. Circa NY 397 561. Ian Carswell. It was preceded by the Salvation Army Barracks which occupied the former Matchbox Theatre on the Sands from 1880, when the Army first arrived in Carlisle. It stood (very approximately) at NY 400 564. From Rob Brettle's Collection.

Salvation Army Citadel on Abbey Street. NY 397 560. Steve Bulman (2012).

Seventh-day Adventist Church on Annetwell Street. NY 398 561. Bill Henderson.

Shah Jalal (Jamea) Mosque on Brook Street. NY 410 552. Mehmood Naqshbandi, and reproduced from his website Muslims in Britain.

Society of Friends, a modern building (1963) stands opposite the castle, on the Quaker Burial ground which dates from 1681. NY 398 561. Steve Bulman. The first building on Fisher Street collapsed in 1775, and was rebuilt on the same site the following year. This still stands, now The Arches Coffee House. An 1860's facade hides the 1776 building, and some of the fabric can be seen at the rear, including a date-stone. ca. NY 400 559. Both Steve Bulman (2011).

The former Unitarian Church on the corner of the Viaduct and James Street. If it wasn't for a local history article in the Cumberland News of 3 Jan 2014 (not apparently available on-line), I wouldn't have known that this had ever been a church. Built by the Unitarians with work commencing in 1889, it was successor to the Caldewgate Temperance Hall, where they had met (see Carlisle Christian Spiritualist Church below), and continued until 1913/14 when it was sold to provide additional premises for the local electricity company. Although extensively altered, much of the original fabric remains, and it now forms part of the Enterprise Centre. NY 400 554. Steve Bulman (2014).

Upperby Methodist Church on Upperby Road, built as Primitive Methodist in 1901 (date-stone). NT 409 536. Both Steve Bulman (2014).

Victory Church on Tyne Street. NY 410 548. Steve Bulman (2011).

Cemetery Chapel in Stanwix cemetery. NY 398 585. Steve Bulman (2011).
The site of Etterby Presbyterian Mission Hall (1881-1947). Demolished in the late 1960's or after 1971 (according to source consulted). A photo of this vanished building was included in a history article in the 6 Nov 2015 edition of the Cumberland News. Unfortunately it doesn't appear to be available on-line. A little history here (scroll down). It stood at NY 390 572. Steve Bulman (2016).
Grace Evangelical Church on Kingmoor Road. For more on the history of this church, see t
he Railway Mission Hall in the main section, above. NY 38986 57412. Steve Bulman (2017). Link.
St. Augustine (R.C.). NY 39774 57916. Steve Bulman.
St. Mark, at Belah. NY 39526 57894. Steve Bulman. Link.
St. Michael, Stanwix. NY 40145 57043. Steve Bulman. Link. Grade II listed - link.
St. Peter at Kingmoor. NY 39524 58914. Steve Bulman.

Carlisle Cemetery on Dalston Road has a Burial church at NY 390 543 (another view), Burial Chapel at NY 391 543 (another view), and Crematorium at NY 389 539. All Steve Bulman (2015). Link.
Carlisle Christian Fellowship, formerly Congregational Church (1860-1, extended 1878) on Charlotte Street. It was sold in 1976 by which time it was U.R.C. NY 396 556. Steve Bulman. Link. Grade II listed (which also shows that it was a Kingdom Hall at some point).
Carlisle Christian Spiritualist Church, in the former Temperance Hall, Caldewgate. The former Methodist Church can also be seen in this shot. Between 1883 and 1889, the Unitarians met here. NY 392 558. Steve Bulman.
Christian Brethren Church meet in Morton Park Hall, Wigton Road. Steve Bulman (2011).
The demolished Church of Christ stood on the corner of Denton Street and Lorne Street. The site is now occupied by offices. Originally built as Denton Street Christian Meeting House, it opened in 1872, but was known as Church of Christ by 1893. They didn't survive for very long, and the building was converted to industrial use. It was known as Atlas Hall between the wars, serving as a recreational hall for the nearby Atlas Works. In 1939 the hall was bought by the Unitarians, who continued here until 1956. It reverted to industrial use and was demolished in 1966. Steve Bulman (2015).
Church of the Nazarene on Moorhouse Road - a former Presbyterian Mission Hall. NY 374 561. Steve Bulman (2014). Link.
Eden Community Church meets in an unprepossessing office building off Caldewgate. ca. NY 393 559. Steve Bulman (2011). According to their website, the church was subsequently flooded, and the congregation no longer meet here, meeting instead in each others houses. The building (as of 2017) is a pilates studio.
Holy Trinity on Wigton Road (building commenced 1828). Demolished in 1982, though the foundations have been left in situ. NY 395 559. George Ganley. It had originally possessed a spire which was removed in 1947. This aerial photo (on an external website) shows it in 1928. It was a distant successor to an earlier church, which stood approximately where Paddy's Market car park is today. It was replaced by this church nearby, on Wigton Road and Stanhope Road. NY 390 556. Steve Bulman.
Holy Trinity and St. Barnabas, more usually known just as St. Barnabas. NY 380 558. Steve Bulman.
Lighthouse Baptist Church meet at Denton Holme Community Centre on Morley Street. ca. NY 396 550. Steve Bulman (2011).
A Mission Chapel is marked on the 1901 and 1954 O.S. maps. It was the predecessor of St. Barnabas (see below), and was consecrated in 1899. It now serves as the church hall. Steve Bulman (2016).
Former Methodist Church on Caldewgate, now a bike shop. NY 392 558. Steve Bulman.
Methodist Chapel, Newtown. NY 374 561. Steve Bulman.
The site of Milbourne Street Mission is now occupied by a house, although the mission stood closer to the road, covering the present parking area.
Other than a brief reference here which mentions "Approval for corrugated iron mission hall" in the 1893-4 City Council Minutes, I can find no additional information about the mission. NY 3962 5579. Steve Bulman (2016).
Morton Community Church on Stonegarth, Morton Park, previously a shop. NY 382 546. Steve Bulman.
Raffles Community Church, on Shadygrove Road, Raffles. NY 380 554. Steve Bulman. Rob Brettle advises that this was opened in 1939 as the Carlisle Raffles Salvation Army Hall.
St. Bede, on Wigton Road (R.C.). NY 385 553. Steve Bulman. The previous church  on Silloth Street was founded in 1866, and enlarged in 1883. Now in use as part of the Ukrainian Social Club. NY 392 557. Steve Bulman.
St. Edmund (R.C.) on St. Edmund's Park, off Orton Road. Steve Bulman. Link.
St. James, St. James Road. NY 393 549. Steve Bulman. Link.  Grade II listed - link.
St. Luke the Evangelist, on Stonegarth, Morton Park. NY 381 547. Steve Bulman.
Wigton Road Methodist Church (1928-9). NY 390 556. Steve Bulman (2011).





28 August 2017

Steve Bulman

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