The Churches of Britain and Ireland
I'd like to be able to add some lost Carlisle churches to the website - the Wesleyan Chapel on Union Street; the Presbyterian Church which stood on Fisher Street; Etterby Mission Hall; Denton Street Chapel (Church of Christ, later known as Atlas Hall); Cecil Street Primitive Methodist Chapel; Milbourne Street Mission, Trinity Church (with spire); St. James Mission Church on Blencowe Street; the chapel of St. Joseph's Home in Botcherby (only relatively recently demolished); Willowholme Mission, and the chapel attached to Strathclyde House on Wigton Road. Can you oblige? There are photographs of the sites of some of these, below.
Annetwell Street Congregational Church (1781). This website has an image of this chapel but I may not reproduce it or even link to it. So I'm afraid it's a case of DIY!. Also known as Lady Glenorchy's Chapel, it was succeeded by the Lowther Street Chapel (see below). The demolition date is not known to me at the moment, but presumably post-dates the move to the Lowther Street Church (1843). Circa NY 397 561. More on Lady Glenorchy on Wikipedia.
Austin Friars School Chapel on Etterby Scaur. It pre-dates the 1901 O.S. map, on which it is marked as "Convent of the Sacred Heart". NY 39185 57320. © Steve Bulman (2018).
The former Beacon Hall (Church of God), on Beaconsfield Street, formerly Presbyterian Church of England. An inscribed stone above the middle window reads "Howie Boyd Hall 1901". Demolished 2005/6. NY 405 545. © Steve Bulman.
Botcherby Community Centre stands on Victoria Road. Eden Spiritualist Church meets here, as does a Buddhist Meditation Group. Carlisle Vineyard Church has also met here on a temporary basis, as their website (for the moment) explains. NY 42027 55859. © Steve Bulman (2018). Links for the Community Centre, Eden Spiritualist Church, and the Buddhists.
The former Bramerton Lodge Chapel on Bramerton Orchard. Were it not for "Botcherby - A Garden Village" by Patricia M. Hitchon (P3 Publications, 2017, ISBN-13:978-0-9931835 -2-2), I wouldn't have known about this chapel. Originally a barn, it seems to have first been used for worship in 1867. The book says that many of the fittings in St. Andrew's (see below) were moved there from Bramerton Lodge Chapel, which implies that it went out of use around the time St. Andrew opened (1890), or perhaps a very few years earlier, as the book also explains that a small wooden church was erected in 1888 or 1889, and that this was probably moved elsewhere when St. Andrew opened. It's unclear how much of the old chapel survives, but the book implies that some fabric remains of the rear wall, not visible in my photo. NY 42369 55635. © Steve Bulman (2018).
Carlisle Castle has a tiny oratory (not normally open to the public) built into the keep walls. This is where the Scottish King David I is said to have died. I must express my appreciation to the staff at the castle for permitting me to visit the oratory. NY 39714 56224. © Steve Bulman (2017).
Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity is of Norman
foundation. NY 399 560. © Steve Bulman.
Another view, © Alan Blacklock (2011). Carlisle originally consisted of two parishes - St. Cuthbert and St. Mary. The
church of the latter was originally the nave of the cathedral, but a separate church was
built in 1870. The parish was joined with that of St. Paul's in 1932, and St. Mary's
church was demolished in 1954. The site is now a garden on the left when entering the
cathedral from the city centre. In this old postcard view (Steve Bulman's Collection),
the nave - St. Mary - can be seen, and just visible at the extreme right, behind the tree,
is the spire of St. Mary's church.
It can be better seen in this
old postcard (external link). In this
old postcard (courtesy
of Alan Bulman's Collection) the marvelous east window of the cathedral is
shown. Although un-dated, it must come from the pre-WWII period, as the railings
were removed for the war effort. Also from Alan, this postcard (franked in 1906)
shows the east window
from inside the cathedral. The
Border Regiment Chapel
in the Cathedral. © Ian Thirlwell. Three additional views -
3, the lovely
altar and East window,
organ and font, all ©
Martin Richter (2013).
Former chapel on Chapel Brow, Durranhill (now a private residence). NY 428 552. © Steve Bulman. Janet Gimber has advised that this was the chapel to the attached Sacred Heart Convent, which was originally Durranhill House. Grade II listed.
The site of Cecil Street Primitive Methodist Chapel. Built in the mid-nineteenth century, it was closed in 1965, and demolished to make way for the telephone exchange which now stands on the site. The nearest corner of the exchange coincides with the corner of the chapel. NY 4041 5567. © Steve Bulman (2016). Exterior and interior photos and history are available here.
Of Christ Church (1830-1938, demolished 1953) on Botchergate nothing remains, though the site has been left as a small park. The design was identical to Holy Trinity Church (see below). Circa NY 405 553. © Steve Bulman (2011). An old engraving is available here, and two old postcards show the spire of the church here.
Christ the King (1954-5, R.C.) on Edgehill Road, Harraby. NY 423 541. © Steve Bulman (2010).
Christian Science Church. NY 406 560. © Steve Bulman.
Church of Scotland (1834) on Chapel Street. NY 402 560. © Steve Bulman.
The former Congregational Chapel on Cecil Street, now an antiques centre. This was built as an Evangelical Union Church in 1859. NY 404 556. © Steve Bulman.
Congregational Church (1843) on Lowther Street. NY 402 557. © Steve Bulman. This is also home to Carlisle City Church, which also has another entrance on Crosby Street - entry beneath the church sign on the drainpipe. Link. © Steve Bulman (2010). Grade II* listed.
Cumbria University Chapel just off Fusehill Street was built as the chapel for the Workhouse, opening in 1894. Prior to this, the congregation met in the canteen building. NY 409 555. © Steve Bulman (2013). Link.
The former Currock Methodist Church at the junction of Currock Road and Blackwell Road. Built as Wesleyan in the later 1930's, it was closed in 2006 and converted to residential use. Another view. NY 40321 54251. The predecessor church (1908) stands adjacent on Currock Road, at circa NY 403 543. All © Steve Bulman (2018). Link.
Of the Dominican Friary, nothing remains above ground. Their property stretched from the boundary with St. Cuthbert's and the city's West Walls, and extended northwards. A chamber built behind the city's walls, and exposed by removing stonework from the wall, is said to have been a part of the Friary buildings sewage collection system. © Steve Bulman (2016). See this article (the appendix, particularly).
Elim Community Church on Lonsdale Street, previously St. Paul's Elim (Pentecostal) Church, and prior to that St. Paul (CoE) which closed in 1979. NY 406 558. © Steve Bulman. Thanks to Kevin Price for the update. Grade II listed. Before moving into St. Paul in 1979, the Elim Church was on West Walls. This website has an image of this chapel but I may not reproduce it or even link to it. So I'm afraid it's a case of DIY! The building has since been demolished. Circa NY 399 557. Photo is on an external website. As far as I can judge from maps, the site of the church stood next to the white building at right of centre, about where the sloping roof points down to the bottom right of the photo. Circa NY 3996 5577. © Steve Bulman (2016).
Harraby Family Church. NY 418 535. © Steve Bulman.
Harraby Methodist Church. NY 421 539. © Steve Bulman. My appreciation to Kevin Price who has advised (June 2010) that this has been demolished and the site is being re-developed for housing.
Hebron Evangelical Church, Botchergate. NY 404 554. © Steve Bulman.
Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses (2002) on Pasture Walk, Durranhill. According to the Carlisle Encyclopedia, the J.W.'s previously had (so far unidentified) premises in Harraby (mentioned for 1966) and on Fisher Street (1971). Can you advise where either of these were? NY 427 551. © Steve Bulman (2016).
Another former church revealed through Denis Perriam's excellent "History Man" column of the Cumberland News is the former Lord Street Reading Room. Built in 1851 on the corner of Lord Street and Lancaster Street, it had become a Mission Room by 1913, and appears to have been connected with Christ Church (for which, see above). In 1950 it became a warehouse, and today it is in industrial use. © Steve Bulman (2017).
The former Methodist Central Hall (1922-3) on Fisher Street closed in late 2005. NY 399 562. © Steve Bulman (2018). A plaque records the preaching of John Wesley in 1788 and 1790, but this is confusing, as this long pre-dates the church the plaque is affixed to. An earlier church stood further down Fisher Street, where "The Brickyard" now stands. There's a small piece of sandstone wall visible in the narrow gap to the left of the Brickyard - could this be a fragment of the old church? NY 398 561. Both © Steve Bulman (2011). Proposals for the Central Hall include a theatre. Since the closure, the congregation has met in the ancient Tithe Barn on West Walls. ca. NY 399 558. © Steve Bulman. Grade II listed.
The former Mission Church on Strand Road and Compton Street dates from the later 19th century (not present on a map of 1866/7, present on one of 1900). The Geograph entry refers to this as St. Paul's Hall, implying a former connection with St. Paul's Church, for which see Elim Community Church, above. It also says that it's now used by Carlisle College. NY 40426 56121. © Steve Bulman (2017).
Our Lady and St. Joseph (R.C.) on Warwick Square. Building commenced in 1891. © Steve Bulman. Grade II listed. The previous Catholic Chapel was built on Chapel Street. It was also dedicated to Sts. Mary and Joseph, and was built beginning in 1822, and is now in use as a gym. NY 403 560. © Steve Bulman. The first post-Reformation Catholic Church in Carlisle had been built in 1799 "behind the Bush Hotel", but since the hotel was demolished to make way for the Victoria Viaduct, it's unlikely that any trace of the church survives.
A Presbyterian Church stood on Fisher Street - the site is now a block of apartments. Originally built in 1730 or 1737 depending on the source consulted, it was replaced on the same site in 1894, and demolished in 1986. NY 399 561. © Steve Bulman (2018). Its Sunday School (1883) still survives, on West Tower Street. NY 399 561. © Steve Bulman (2011). Phil Draper has advised of this link, which shows the church in the main 4-photo block, bottom left.
The Railway Mission Hall on East Tower Street opened in 1910, the congregation having previously met in a waiting room in Carlisle Station. Demolished to make way for the Debenham's extension to the Lanes Shopping centre, it was latterly Grace Evangelical Church, which was forced to re-locate, and is now in a former shop on Kingmoor Road (see the North Carlisle section, below). A photo of the East Tower Street church is available here. My appreciation to Richard Roberts who drew my attention to it.
St. Cuthbert (CoE and Methodist), St. Cuthbert's Lane. Although of ancient foundation, the present church dates from a re-build of 1778. Interior view. The gallery runs round three sides of the church. Stained glass window. NY 399 558. All © Steve Bulman. Link. Grade II* listed.
St. George (U.R.C.) on Warwick Road closed in 2013. It was built as Presbyterian in 1862-3. NY 404 558. © Steve Bulman. News item on closure. Following the closure of the church, the congregation moved into a building on West Walls, now also called St. George's. Another view. NY 399 558. Both © Steve Bulman (2016).
St. John, Upperby. NY 412 537. © Steve Bulman.
St. Mary. From an old postcard in Steve Bulman's Collection. For further details, see the cathedral above. NY 399 559.
St. Paul - see Elim Community Church, above.
The site of St. Stephen (1865-1964), which stood on James Street, and is now occupied by a garage. Illustrations seem few and far between, but Phil Draper has drawn my attention to this link, which has an engraving of the church, and supplied this photo, which was on eBay some years ago, and is assumed to be out of copyright. The interior is shown here, on the Historic England website. Another view. Circa NY 401 552. Both © Steve Bulman (2014).
Salvation Army (Carlisle Temple Corps) on St. Nicholas. There is a date over the right hand door of 1931. NY 406 551. © Steve Bulman. Rob Brettle advises that though this was built in 1931, the corps itself dates from 1890.
The Salvation Army building on Annetwell Street was demolished in 1972, and the site now lies beneath the dual-carriageway outside the castle. It had been occupied from about 1894. Circa NY 397 561. © Ian Carswell. It was preceded by the Salvation Army Barracks which occupied the former Matchbox Theatre on the Sands from 1880, when the Army first arrived in Carlisle. It stood (very approximately) at NY 400 564. From Rob Brettle's Collection.
Salvation Army Citadel on Abbey Street. NY 397 560. © Steve Bulman (2012).
Seventh-day Adventist Church on Annetwell Street. NY 398 561. © Bill Henderson.
Society of Friends, a modern building (1963) stands opposite the castle, on the Quaker Burial ground which dates from 1681. NY 398 561. © Steve Bulman. Another view, © Steve Bulman (2018). Their first building, on Fisher Street, collapsed in 1775, and was rebuilt on the same site the following year. This still stands, now The Arches Coffee House. An 1860's facade hides the 1776 building, and some of the fabric can be seen at the rear, including a date-stone. ca. NY 400 559. Both © Steve Bulman (2011). Another Friends Meeting House is listed on the Historic England website. Unfortunately, no location details seem to be available, but to judge by appearances, it might have been in the warren of lanes between Scotch Street and Lowther Street.
The former Unitarian Church on the corner of the Viaduct and James Street. If it wasn't for a local history article in the Cumberland News of 3 Jan 2014 (not apparently available on-line), I wouldn't have known that this had ever been a church. Built by the Unitarians with work commencing in 1889, it was successor to the Caldewgate Temperance Hall, where they had met (see Carlisle Christian Spiritualist Church below), and continued until 1913/14 when it was sold to provide additional premises for the local electricity company. Although extensively altered, much of the original fabric remains, and it now forms part of the Enterprise Centre. NY 400 554. © Steve Bulman (2014).
Victory Church on Tyne Street. NY 410 548. © Steve Bulman (2011).
The former Wesleyan Methodist Chapel on South John Street. Almost unrecognizable as a former church, the My Wesleyan Ancestors website entry gives dates for the foundation of the congregation in 1885 in a hired room of the building they later bought, and for closure and sale in circa 1943. The building is now in commercial use. NY 4024 5523. © Steve Bulman (2018).
The site of the Wesleyan Chapel (1891) which stood on Union (later Rydal) Street. Despite only closing in 1990, the My Wesleyan Ancestors website entry says that no photos are known to exist. Can you supply one? The site was redeveloped as Church Close, a small block of flats. NY 40783 55517. © Steve Bulman (2018).
06 April 2019
© Steve Bulman